African-American Muslim Minister, Human Rights Activist
Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, Muslim name El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
African-American Muslim Minister, Human Rights Activist
The young people are the ones who most quickly identify with the struggle and the necessity to eliminate the evil conditions that exist.
This is to warn you that I am no longer held in check from fighting white supremacists by Elijah Muhammad's separatist Black Muslim movement, and that if your present racist agitation against our people there in Alabama causes physical harm to Reverend King or any other black Americans who are only attempting to enjoy their rights as free human beings, that you and your Ku Klux Klan friends will be met with maximum physical retaliation from those of us who are not hand-cuffed by the disarming philosophy of nonviolence, and who believe in asserting our right of self-defense ? by any means necessary.
True Islam taught me that it takes all of the religious, political, economic, psychological, and racial ingredients, or characteristics, to make the Human Family and the Human Society complete.
We who follow the Honorable Elijah Muhammad feel that when you try and pass integration laws here in America, forcing white people to pretend that they are accepting black people, what you are doing is making white people act in a hypocritical way.
Whenever you?re going after something that belongs to you, anyone who?s depriving you of the right to have it is a criminal. Understand that. Whenever you are going after something that is yours, you are within your legal rights to lay claim to it. And anyone who puts forth any effort to deprive you of that which is yours, is breaking the law, is a criminal. And this was pointed out by the Supreme Court decision. It outlawed segregation. Which means segregation is against the law. Which means a segregationist is breaking the law. A segregationist is a criminal. You can?t label him as anything other than that. And when you demonstrate against segregation, the law is on your side. The Supreme Court is on your side.
You don't have a peaceful revolution. You don't have a turn-the-cheek revolution. There's no such thing as a nonviolent revolution.
If a man is with God, God was with him and sent him when needed signs of it.
Ignorance of each other is what has made unity impossible in the past. Therefore we need enlightenment. We need more light about each other. Light creates understanding, understanding creates love, love creates patience, and patience creates unity. Once we have more knowledge (light) about each other, we will stop condemning each other and a united front will be brought about.
It is impossible for capitalism to survive, primarily because the system of capitalism needs some blood to suck. Capitalism used to be like an eagle, but now it's more like a vulture. It used to be strong enough to go and suck anybody's blood whether they were strong or not. But now it has become more cowardly, like the vulture, and it can only suck the blood of the helpless. As the nations of the world free themselves, the capitalism has less victims, less to suck, and it becomes weaker and weaker. It's only a matter of time in my opinion before it will collapse completely.
Last but not least, I must say this concerning the great controversy over rifles and shotguns. The only thing that I?ve ever said is that in areas where the government has proven itself either unwilling or unable to defend the lives and the property of Negroes, it?s time for Negroes to defend themselves. Article number two of the constitutional amendments provides you and me the right to own a rifle or a shotgun. It is constitutionally legal to own a shotgun or a rifle. This doesn?t mean you?re going to get a rifle and form battalions and go out looking for white folks, although you?d be within your rights?I mean, you?d be justified; but that would be illegal and we don?t do anything illegal. If the white man doesn?t want the black man buying rifles and shotguns, then let the government do its job. [...] If he?s not going to do his job in running the government and providing you and me with the protection that our taxes are supposed to be for, since he spends all those billions for his defense budget, he certainly can?t begrudge you and me spending $12 or $15 for a single-shot, or double-action. I hope you understand. Don?t go out shooting people, but any time?brothers and sisters, and especially the men in this audience; some of you wearing Congressional Medals of Honor, with shoulders this wide, chests this big, muscles that big?any time you and I sit around and read where they bomb a church and murder in cold blood, not some grownups, but four little girls while they were praying to the same God the white man taught them to pray to, and you and I see the government go down and can?t find who did it.
Not long ago, an English writer telephoned me from London, asking questions. One was What's your alma mater? I told him, Books. You will never catch me with a free fifteen minutes in which I'm not studying something I feel might be able to help the black man.
Since Western society is deteriorating, it has become overrun with immorality, and God is going to judge it, and destroy it. And the only way the black people caught up in this society can be saved is not to integrate into this corrupt society, but to separate from it, to a land of our own, where we can reform ourselves, lift up our moral standards and try to be godly.
The common goal of 22 million Afro-Americans is respect as human beings, the God-given right to be a human being. Our common goal is to obtain the human rights that America has been denying us. We can never get civil rights in America until our human rights are first restored. We will never be recognized as citizens there until we are first recognized as humans.
The philosophy of black nationalism involves a re-education program in the black community in regards to economics. Our people have to be made to see that any time you take your dollar out of your community and spend it in a community where you don?t live, the community where you live will get poorer and poorer, and the community where you spend your money will get richer and richer... If we own the stores, if we operate the businesses, if we try and establish some industry in our own community, then we?re developing to the position where we are creating employment for our own kind. Once you gain control of the economy of your own community, then you don?t have to picket and boycott and beg some cracker downtown for a job in his business.
The young whites, and blacks, too, are the only hope that America has, the rest of us have always been living in a lie.
This is why I say it?s the ballot or the bullet. It?s liberty or it?s death. It?s freedom for everybody or freedom for nobody.
Truth is on the side of the oppressed.
We won't organize any black man to be a Democrat or a Republican because both of them have sold us out. Both of them have sold us out; both parties have sold us out. Both parties are racist, and the Democratic Party is more racist than the Republican Party.
Where the really sincere white people have got to do their ?proving? of themselves is not among the black victims, but out on the battle lines of where America?s racism really is ? and that?s in their own home communities.
You don't have a revolution in which you love your enemy, and you don't have a revolution in which you are begging the system of exploitation to integrate you into it. Revolutions overturn systems. Revolutions destroy systems.
America has a very serious problem. Not only does America have a very serious problem, but our people have a very serious problem. America's problem is us. We're her problem. The only reason she has a problem is she doesn't want us here.
Any number of my former brothers felt they would make heroes of themselves in the Nation of Islam if they killed me? I knew that no one would kill you quicker than Muslim if he felt that?s what Allah wanted him to do.
But it does make the black people in this country who are jobless and unemployed and standing in the welfare line very much discouraged to see a government that can't solve our problem, can't provide job opportunities for us, and at the sometime not only Cubans but Hungarians and every other type of white refugee imaginable can come to this country and get everything this government has to offer.
Either you are a citizen or you are not a citizen at all. If you are citizen, you are free; if you're not a citizen you are a slave.
I believe in human beings, and that all human beings should be respected as such, regardless of their color.