Michael J. Behe

Michael J.

American Biochemist, Author and Intelligent Design Advocate, Professor Of Biochemistry at Lehigh University and Senior Fellow of the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture

Author Quotes

Dawkins rejects design and embraces Darwinism based primarily on an analogy to the random generation then guided generation of a series of letters to form a message. The analogy is transparently false.

Although Darwin was able to persuade much of the world that a modern eye could be produced gradually from a much simpler structure, he did not even attempt to explain how the simple light sensitive spot that was his starting point actually worked.

At conception there are a number of gene pieces (found in 4 clusters) in the fertilized cell that contribute to making antibodies. There are about 250 gene segments (pieces) in cluster one, 10 gene segments that form cluster 2, 6 segments that comprise cluster 3 and another 8 segments that make up cluster 4.

Although I find it congenial to think that it's God, others might prefer to think it's an alien ? or who knows? An angel, or some satanic force, some new age power.

Because of the immense publicity that's mushroomed around this issue in the past six months, more people are getting emotional about the topic... And it's generally not on my side.

Although the fact of design is easily seen in the biochemistry of the cell, identifying the designer by scientific methods might be extremely difficult.

Because the functions depend critically on the intricate interactions of the parts, we must conclude that they are, like a mouse trap, designed.

Amino acid and protein sequence comparisons between species have shown evidence upon which many researchers concluded that similar sequences strongly supported descent from a common ancestor.

Biochemical investigation has shown that blood clotting is a very complex, intricately woven system consisting of a score of interdependent protein parts.

AMP is required for life on earth... if only the end product of a complicated biosynthetic pathway is used in the cell, how did the pathway evolve by steps? On their face, metabolic pathways where intermediates are not useful present severe challenges to a Darwinian scheme of evolution.

Biochemistry has, in fact , revealed a molecular world that stoutly resists explanation by the same theory so long applied at the level of the whole organism. Neither of Darwin's starting points ? the origin of life, and the origin of vision - has been accounted for by his theory. Darwin never imagined the exquisitely profound complexity that exists even at the most basic levels of life.

An irreducibly complex biological system would be a powerful challenge to Darwinian evolution.

Biology has progressed tremendously due to the model that Darwin put forth. But the black boxes Darwin accepted are now being opened, and our view of the world is again being shaken.

An irreducibly complex evolutionary pathway is one that contains one or more unselected steps (that is, one or more necessary-but-unselected mutations). The degree of irreducible complexity is the number of unselected steps in the pathway.

Blood clotting is a paradigm of the staggering complexity that underlies even apparently simple bodily processes. Faced with such complexity beneath even simple phenomena, Darwinian theory falls silent.

Anything could have been purposely arranged... we cannot know that something has not been designed.

But the burden of the Darwinians is to answer two questions: First, what exactly are the stages of... evolution, in all their complex glory? Second, given these stages, how does Darwinism get us from one to the next?

Appreciate the complexity of the system, see the number of steps involved. The formation of biological molecules does not happen in some fuzzy minded ... way, it requires specific, highly sophisticated molecular robots to get the job done.

Comparing sequences cannot show how a complex biochemical system achieved its function.

Arguments from vestigial organs neglect the fact that both the functioning organ and the vestigial organ require explanation.

Complexity reaches down to the very bottom of the cell.

Arguments to design based on the bare assertion of their rightness evaporate like the morning dew when faced with the least skepticism.

Complexity theory (a mathematical model) that states that systems with a large number of interacting components spontaneously organize themselves into ordered patterns has been described as "fact free science."

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American Biochemist, Author and Intelligent Design Advocate, Professor Of Biochemistry at Lehigh University and Senior Fellow of the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture